One of the most fundamental and important questions in the realm where humans occupy the center of intellectual inquiry concerns the origin of knowledge or the question of “where does knowledge come from?” We have now witnessed significant breakthrough in this inquiry over the last half century. This breakthrough, to put it succinctly, is embodied in the rise and burgeoning development of the field we now called Cognitive Sciences.
The basic research topics within cognitive sciences to a large degree have to do how we perceived the external objects and events (perception), how we allocate the limited mental resources to selected targets (attention), how we encode, store, and retrieve information acquired from our interactions with the world (memory), how we learn, process, and use language as the avenues for dealing information and all sorts of media (language), and the complex thinking processes involved in reasoning, problem solving, and decision making, among others. In other words, the essence of inquiry for cognitive sciences is to understand human intelligence and behaviors that are derived from the human mind.
A critical and indispensable feature of cognitive sciences is that it is NOT a single discipline but an INTERDISCIPLINARY field as a result of collaboration and integration between many existing disciplines and academic endeavors such as psychology, linguistics, philosophy, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, and education. These diverse disciplines share the common and deep interests in uncovering the nature of human intelligence and human mind as well as their
underlying mechanisms. Each discipline not only can contribute her own viewpoints, theories, research methodology and findings to the field, but also can be nourished and enriched by absorbing all the contributions from other disciplines to broaden and deepen our understanding human mind.
A Brief History
The Center for Research in Cognitive Sciences (CRCS) was established in 1990 by Dr. Ovid J. L. Tseng, a worldly renown scholar, psychologist and cognitive neuroscientist with expertise in Chinese language processing. Back then, he invited Professor James H-Y. Tai, widely known for his research in cognitive-based functional grammar of Chinese, to return to Taiwan and helped establish the Graduate Institute of Linguistics in the following year. In addition, CRCS also combines Department of Philosophy, which mainly focused on philosophy of mind as well as faculty members of Department of Psychology. The three departments and graduate institutes have since been the core and formidable force behind the CRCS. Such a tripartite collaboration and integration is not only rarely seen in Taiwan, but also is very unique internationally.
Ever since its inception, the CRCS has have been very active in promoting all kinds of academic activities and received wide and admiration from our colleagues domestically and internationally. In addition to research projects, the CRCS has hosted and/or sponsored a variety of academic events in Taiwan, including "Memorial Symposium for Professor Chang Chao-Ding", "International Symposium of Mind and Cognition," and "the Asian Logic Conference" held by Department of Philosophy, "the 1st Symposium of Cognitive Sciences in Taiwan" held by Department of Psychology in June, 2000, "the 7th International Symposium on Chinese Languages and Linguistics" held by Institute of Linguistics in December, 2000, just to name a few. Furthermore, with colleagues from many campuses in Taiwan, the CRCS has also hosted the series of seventeen International conferences and workshops on Attention and Perception (A&Ps) from 2002 to 2014, and most recently the 11th International Conferences on Cognitive Science in 2017.
In addition to pursuing all kinds of research agenda and promoting academic activities, colleagues at CRCS were also very keen at nourishing and cultivating young talents in the field. For example, in 1999, we established both the undergraduate and master-level credit programs in Cognitive Sciences to encourage students to enroll in classes under the broad spectrum of Cognitive Science. Moreover, in 2013, again joining the forces of all the participating departments and graduate institutes, we formally established the first PhD program in Cognitive Sciences in Taiwan with full English curriculum. The all- English PhD program allows us to attract young talents no only locally from Taiwan but also globally from all parts of the world.
Together these endeavors exemplify how Cognitive Sciences are deeply rooted and materialized on the campus of National Chung Cheng University in Chiayi, Taiwan, over the past three decades.
Our center adopted four key developments which integrated with our members' specialties.
This includes areas of visual cognition,
developmental neuroscience, emotional development, reading and language
development, cognitive modeling, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, etc.
Linguistics and language processing
This includes areas of semantics, syntax,
psycholinguistics, language acquisition, language and cognition, reading
comprehension, computational linguistics, phonology, etc.
Mind and cognition
This includes areas of the basis of logic
and artificial intelligence, mental representation, consciousness, etc.
This includes areas of cognitive aging,
human factors, education and learning, human-computer interface design,
artificial intelligence, image processing, and machine learning, etc.
Eye-Tracker Experiment Laboratory founded on 1996, mainly conducting Cognitive Sciences and Psychology related Eye-Tracker experiment. The eye movement research are mainly done by recording and analysing eye movement during image or article observation process in an experimental methodology. We may understand the machanism of reading, word search, object identifying process, facial emotional analysis and webpage querying activities etc.
There are 2 eye-tracker instrument in the Cognitive Sciences Laboratory. The first instrument is the first generation: Eyelink 1, another instrument is the second generation: Eyelink 2 and Tobii X120.
Eye-Tracker research are mainly depending on Eye-tracker instrument, we have 3 Eye-Tracker Instrument in our lab which are Eyelink I、Eyelink II and Tobii X120.
We can obtain spatial information by extracting every gazing point in 4 milisecond, then we will include time factor to calculate the characteristic of eye movement, eg: Saccade and Fixation.
Eyelink II is the updated version of Eyelink I, it can obtain spatial information by extracting gazing point in 2 milisecond, therefore more accurate than Eyelink I. The experimenter can adjust the setting from the primary computer to monitor the performance of the subject and the experiment programme in the secondary computer which are used by the subject. On the other hand, there are two eyes camera and one head camera installed on the headgear that used to track the eye movement and head movement. The weight (below 420g) and the centre of gravity are low therefore the weight balance is fine and the inertia force during head movement are low. These could ease the tremble on the neck muscle and prevent long term usage fatigue.
No equiment required on the subject. The subject are required to maintain the eye at the eye tracker tracing region in order to obtain the eye movement. We could also obtain the eye movement and hand movement of the subject by the combination of TobiiX120 with ipad, poster, handphone etc.
Datex-Ohmeda S/5 TM Compact Critical Care Monitor：本儀器可測量受試者心跳次數、血壓、呼吸、身體溫度，並詳細記載波形、數據，使研究者得以瞭解受試者進行實驗時的生理反應數據及趨勢圖。
About the center
National Chung Cheng University
62102 No.168, Sec. 1, University Rd., Minhsiung , Chiayi 62102, Taiwan (R.O.C.)